Wildfires, climate change, aquatic pollution, rise in ocean temperature and level, loss of aquatic life; (bleaching corals, dead fish), depleting biodiversity and loss of tree species worldwide, air pollution, all these conditions are a serious indication of the rapidly failing resilience of our planet. If this continues, then it is the end of humanity on Earth. Taking India as an example, it has lost over 90% of its biodiversity and habitats in just a Staggering 50 years.
Human interference with the ecosystem has brought over 60% of the species of both plants and animals towards extinction. We need to act now if we want to save our own population. Local government bodies can take responsibility along with citizens living in the rural parts of the globe and also the urban parts. Plantation of native tree species according to the local geographical topography is extremely important. This will attract the local biodiversity resulting in more carbon reduction and lesser effect on our oceans.
Plantation of non-native species or exotic species which are not native to that particular land will result in further loss of biodiversity and lesser carbon reduction which in turn will lead to the whole system to collapse. One such example is in the city of Hyderabad. A large banyan tree is home to over 50 species of birds and 5 species of mammals. Where as a reforested area just a few kilometers away which is larger than the banyan tree has almost no biodiversity. It is lying lifeless with just green. Protection of water bodies i.e. lakes, rivers and reefs which are the most valuable hotspots of biodiversity on our planet will help tackle climate crisis in a quicker pace.